For the most part, copyright protection is designed to grant people recognition for their works by guaranteeing control over their product, without fear of unauthorized copies or acts of piracy. Most individuals do not understand that most things can be copyrighted if it is an original text or product. Learn more about the process below.
There are two characteristics of a copyright:
- One individualistic character states a person has the right to produce work, linking it permanently to his or her life and personality.
- On the other hand, it contemplates the economic or patrimonial rights (profit) and moral rights (patent). It is necessary to clarify that an individual and an institution or company can be an author. However, keep in mind that this is not the case in most countries.
Moral Rights are defined as personal rights since they safeguard the link that is generated between the author and their work. These rights are characterized by being perpetual, inalienable, unattachable, and non-transferable, which means that the works cannot be sold or transferred. Additionally, it should be noted that the rights can be made effective through legal channels, although their purpose is not to ensure economic benefits.
Patrimonial Rights is linked to the economic part since it allows the author, or a person who has acquired the author’s rights, a certain amount of control over the work and may benefit from its use and exploitation. Patrimonial rights are exclusive because it authorizes or prohibits behaviors such as reproduction, translation, adaptation, modification, the publication by any means and distribution of the work.
Other things to remember
Moral rights preserve unpublished works. It is up to the author whether or not they wish to disclose their work and to prevent the knowledge or use of it by third parties. Authors also have the right to modify their work.
The author cannot be prevented from modifying his or her work but, if the work has already been published, the editor or publisher can demand recognition of any changes made. Patrimonial rights allow the author the right to distribute his or her work as they see fit. It is the right of the author or owner of the work to control any form of distribution or copies thereof, through sale, lease or rental.